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During the war, the Air Technical Service Command (ATSC) at first maintained a loose inventory system over the trickle of enemy aircraft that had come to them. Some aircraft had been assigned an "EB" (Evaluation Branch) prefix number, at first starting with EB-1 and EB-2 (ie, EB-1 Bf 109F, EB-2 A6M2) and later a system that allowed more distinction, German aircraft given a number in the 100-sequence (ie, Bf 109G EB-102, Fw 190G EB-104), Japanese aircraft a number in the 200-sequence (ie, A6M2 EB-200, A6M3 EB-201) and Italian a number in the 300-sequence (ie, Macchi C.202 EB-300). Others received no known designation (ie, Bf 109G-2/Trop Irmgard, Black "14" of 2(H)/14, used for static tests at Wright Field and tested to destruction).[1] The EB-code system was superceded by the FE-code system, some aircraft taking their number with them.

Known Aircraft[]

Type Model Serial number Tail code Notes Origin
Messerschmitt Bf 109 Bf 109F-4 7640 EB-100 Arrived at Eglin AFB, Florida on 21 March 1944, tested by the evaluation Branch of the USAAF, at first coded as EB-1. 9th Staffel of the III./JG3 Yellow 9, via the Red Army Air Force Research Institute NII-VVS.
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Fw 190 140750? EB-101 At Wright Field on 20th August 1943 after shipment from North Africa. First test flight after overhaul in February 1944. Captured in North Africa.
Messerschmitt Bf 109 Bf 109G-6/Trop 16416 EB-102 Scrapped in Oct 1944. ex-4th Staffel of II/JG77 White 9. Captured at Soliman airfield in Tunesia.
Messerschmitt Me 410 Me 410A-2/U1 10018 EB-103 7 October 1944 at Wright Field. Scrapped in Oct 1944. F6+WK from 2.(F)/122, captured at Trapani, Sicily.
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Fw 190G-3 160016 EB-104 Took over from EB-101 as Focke-Wulf Fw 190 test aircraft as FE-499, which later changed to T2-499. ex DN+FP of III/SG10, Captured at Montecorvino in Italy.
Henschel Hs 129 Hs 129B-2 0385 EB-105 Tested as FE-103, later FE-4600 and then T2-4600. ex Blue 8 of 1(Pz)/SG2, captured at Toubakeur in Tunesia.
Mitsubishi A6M A6M2 'Zeke' 3372 EB-200 Rebuilt by Curtiss aircraft over a period of six months, first flown by Evaluation branch September 1943 as EB-2. V-172 of the 22nd Koku Sentai Shireibu Fuzoku Sentokitai via TAIU-China, where it was tested as P-5016.
Mitsubishi A6M A6M3 'Hamp' ? EB-201 via ATAIU, where it was tested as XJ-001.
Macchi C.202 C.202 Serie XIII MM.91975 EB-300 To the Evaluation Branch of the USAAF as EB-300, later renumbered to FE-300 , when it went to Wright Field, Ohio for flight trials. It got renumbered again at Freeman Field, Indiana, as FE-498 in 1945 and later T2-498 in 1946 Found abandoned at Sciacca airfield, Sicily.

Sources[]

All items (9)

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